1930's - German, Austrian and Czechoslovakian children of Jewish
descent were permitted to leave their countries and families on the
Kindertransport; a train bound for Britain. In 1938, nine months before
the Second World War, England opened its borders to around 10,000
children, mostly Jewish, who were fleeing the Nazi regime.
The children were sent, without their parents, out of Austria, Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia in a process that became known as Kindertransport.
Most Jewish families were prevented from travelling abroad by a lack of
funds or the stringent visa controls imposed by countries such as
Britain and the USA.
Following Kristallnacht, the night of
violence organized against the Jewish communities in Greater Germany
(Germany, Austria and the Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia) on 9 November
1938, pressure was placed on the British government to relax immigration
controls for a limited number of children.
These children ranged in age from infant to 17 and were placed with families in Britain. Many never saw their parents again.