It is with sadness that I share the news of Yuri Kochiyama's passing on June 1. She lived a life dedicated to fighting the systems of oppression and to treating the everyday person with dignity and respect. I am so honored and humbled to have had her in my life.
Harlem's Long Time Human Rights/Political Prisoner Activist & Comrade To Malcolm X - Sis. Yuri Kochiyama Dies At 93
Yuri Kochiyama at memorial for World War II Japanese-American Concentration Camp Internees in 2004.
Japanese-American activist Yuri Kochiyama has died of natural causes in Berkeley, Calif., at the age of 93. The lifelong champion of civil & human rights causes in the Black, Latino, Native American and Asian-American communities passed away peacefully in her sleep on Sunday morning, according to her family.
Born in 1921 as Mary Yuriko Nakahara, Kochiyama spent the early years of her life in San Pedro, Calif., a small town south of Los Angeles. Months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, she and her family were forced to relocate to internment camps along with tens of thousands of other Japanese-Americans. She met her late husband Bill Kochiyama, who served with other Japanese-American soldiers in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, at the Jerome Relocation Center in Arkansas, where she spent two years.
The couple married after World War II and moved to start their family in New York City. Living in Harlem's housing projects among Black and Puerto Rican neighbors inspired her interest in the civil rights movement. Kochiyama held weekly open houses for activists in the family's apartment, where she taped newspaper clippings to the walls and kept piles of leaflets on the kitchen table. "Our house felt like it was the movement 24/7," said her eldest daughter Audee Kochiyama-Holman.
Her close friend and comrade Malcolm X , whom she first met in 1963, helped radicalize her activism. Kochiyama began focusing her work on Black nationalism and was with Malcolm X during his final moments. Minutes after gunmen fired at Malcolm X in 1965 during his last speech in New York City, she rushed on the scene to provide aid & comfort. The historic photo below shows Yuri in a Black dress peering worriedly through horn-rimmed glasses at Malcolm X's bullet-riddled body.
In the 1980s, she and her husband pushed for reparations and a formal government apology for Japanese-American internees through the Civil Liberties Act, which President Ronald Reagan signed into law in 1988.
Her continued dedication to social causes inspired younger generations of activists, especially within the Asian-American community.
"She was not your typical Japanese-American person, especially a nisei," or a second-generation Japanese-American, said Tim Toyama, Kochiyama's second cousin who wrote a one-act play about her relationship with Malcolm X, She was definitely ahead of her time, and we finally caught up with her."